International Council Correspondence - United Workers Party of America

Complete online archive of International Council Correspondence, a council/left communist publication of the United Workers Party of America in the 1930s.

Volume 1

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 1

The Volume 1, Number 1 (October 1934) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

* What is Communism? / [Paul Mattick] [Offprinted as What Communism really is, 1936]
* The U.W.P. Groups / [Paul Mattick]
* Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
* For Those who read German* Future of the German Labor Movement
* Unity for What? Communist League and the American Workers Party Move to Form New Party
* We Wish to Announce: A Monthly Organ of The International Communist Workers' Council Movement. "Living Marxism"
* The Strike Wave

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 1 (October 1934).pdf10.04 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 2

The Volume 1, Number 2 (November 1934) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-"The permanent crisis": Henryk Grossman's interpretation of Marx's theory of capitalist accumulation

-The struggle against the reduction of unemployed relief in Amsterdam (From Raetekorrespondenz #4 of the Group of International Communists of Holland)

-The class struggle in Spain

-Upton Sinclair on the road to fascism?

-Home coming: the end of the Trotsky movement

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 2 (November 1934).pdf7.87 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 3

The Volume 1, Number 3 (December 1934) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Theses on Bolshevism

-What's behind the "New Deal"?

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 3 (December 1934).pdf3.47 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 4

The Volume 1, Number 4 (January 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The Babbitts have a program: on the program of the National Association of Manufacturers

-Capitalism and planning

-On the new program of the "American Workers Party" by Karl Korsch

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 4 (January 1935).pdf3.54 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 5

The Volume 1, Number 5 (February 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Leninism or Marxism by Rosa Luxemburg

-The American Federation of Labor and the present crisis

-Marxism without doctors: review of The inevitability of communism by Paul Mattick

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 5 (February 1935).pdf3.91 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 6

The Volume 1, Number 6 (March 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Daniel DeLeon by Kristen Svanum

-Capitalism's conservation corps.

-The scum of humanity

-A.F. of L. and administration break

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 6 (March 1935).pdf5.16 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 7

The Volume 1, Number 7 (April 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The bases of Japanese imperialism

-Workers' councils and communist organization of economy

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 7 (April 1935).pdf9.53 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 8

The Volume 1, Number 8 (May 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Revolutionary Marxism

-The next world crisis, the second world war and the world revolution: a thesis

-Discussion on thesis by Karl Korsch

-Capturing the A.F. of L.

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 8 (May 1935).pdf14.09 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 9

The Volume 1, Number 9 (June 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The Americanizing of Marxism

-Marxism and anarchism

-The Franco-Russian pact

-Inflation

-Marxism as a religion

-Guy Aldred's "mission"

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 9 (June 1935).pdf13.53 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 10

The Volume 1, Number 10 (August 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The rise of a new labor movement

-The class "in itself" and the class "for itself"

-National socialism

-The struggle for democratic rights

-Class struggle and communism

-The self-movement of the masses

-The new labor movement

-Party or "work groups"

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 10 (August 1935).pdf13.92 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 11

The Volume 1, Number 11 (September 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Germany today

-National Bolshevism

-The Brussels conference

-The competitors of fascism

-From the "dictatorship" to the "People's government"

-The Belgian success

-The triumph of the united front

-The last Congress of the Communist International

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 11 (September 1935).pdf12.34 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 12

The Volume 1, Number 12 (October 1935) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-Revolutionary parliamentarism

-Anti-parliamentarism and council communism

-Report from Denmark: 22nd Congress of the D.S.P.

-The Third International in the opinion of the bourgeoisie

-Critical remarks concerning "The rise of a new labor movement" by H.W.

-The intellectuals

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International Council Correspondence Volume 1, Number 12 (October 1935).pdf14.45 MB

Volume 2

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 1

The Vol. 2, No. 1, December 1935 issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The Breathing Spell [on cover: Will there be prosperity?] / [Paul Mattick]
-The Lenin Legend / [Paul Mattick]
-On the resolution adopted by the Brussels Conference
-Please Notice
-Portrait of the Counter-Revolution

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International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 1 (December 1935).pdf6.99 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 2

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 2, January 1936

CONTENTS

-Notes on the War Question / [Paul Mattick]
-Please Notice
-Trade-Unionism, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
-Problems of the New Labor Movement / [Paul Mattick]

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ICC Vol 2 No 2.pdf6.33 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 3-4

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 3-4, March 1936

CONTENTS
-The Development of Soviet Russia’s Foreign Policy / [by “Marxistisk Arbejder Politik”]
The Period of the Revolution
The First Defeat of the Bolshevik’s Foreign Policy
The Period of Civil War
The Turn Towards National Self-Assertion
Entering International Diplomacy
Russia Becomes a Factor of International World Politics
The Pacification of Russia’s Western Policy
Russia Turns East
The Betrayal of the Chinese Workers Revolution
On the Way to the “League of Nations”
Peace Diplomacy in the World Crisis of Capitalism
Entry into the League of Nations
The Inner-Political Presuppositions of the Latest Phase of Russian Foreign Policy
The Liquidation of the Comintern
Conclusion
-Current Trends in Czechoslovakia / [Paul Mattick]

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ICC Vol 2 No 3-4.pdf8.36 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 5

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 5, April 1936

CONTENTS
•Election Year / [Paul Mattick]
1. 2. 3.
•Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
•The Miner’s Strike in Belgium
◦The Situation before the Strike
◦The Strike
◦The Trade-Unions choke the Strike
◦The State Participates
◦Conclusion
•Boom with Twelve Million Unemployed
•The “Victory” in Spain
•Marx on Social Reform
•Workers’ Councils, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
•[Quote from Marx, The Eighteenth Brumaire]
•Book Reviews / [Paul Mattick]
◦Conze, Edward – The Scientific Method of Thinking. An Introduction to Dialectical Materialism. Chapman & Hall, Ltd., London, 1935
◦Uphoff, Walter, H. – The Kohler Strike. Its Socio-Economic Causes and Effects. – Chas. H. Kerr & Co., Chicago, 1935

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ICC Vol 2 No 5.pdf5.49 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 6

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 6, May 1936

CONTENTS

•The Power of the Classes, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
◦I.
◦II.
•Communism and Religion [Anton Pannekoek]
◦I.
◦II.
◦III.
◦IV.
•Forthcoming Articles in the Council Correspondence
•Class Struggle in War (from Räte Korrespondenz)
◦Second World War Inevitable
◦The Ideological Preparation for the Second World War
◦The Jingoism of the “Working Class Movement”
◦National Independence and Leninism
◦The Fourth International (Trotzky Opposition) and “Leninism”
◦Prevention of the War
◦The Enemy is within the Country

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ICC Vol 2 No 6.pdf6.54 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 7

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 7, June 1936

CONTENTS

•On the Communist Party, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
◦I.
◦II.
•The Dictatorship of the Intellectuals (Critical Remarks on the Reflections of Max Nomad) / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
◦I.
◦II.
◦III.
◦IV.
◦V.

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ICC Vol 2 No 7.pdf6.53 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 8

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 8, July 1936

CONTENTS

•The Defeat in France / [Paul Mattick]
•Notice
•The Role of Fascism, by J.H. [=Anton Pannekoek]
◦[I.]
◦II.
•Luxemburg versus Lenin / [Paul Mattick]
◦The Collapse of Capitalism
◦Spontaneity and the Role of Organisation

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ICC Vol 2 No 8.pdf6.12 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 9-10

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 9-10, September 1936

CONTENTS

•The Land of Promise. Report from Palestine [Tel-Aviv][=Walter Auerbach]
•Masters of Tomorrow, by Max Nomad [reply to Paul Mattick in International Council Correspondence, Vol. II, no 7]
◦I.
◦II. Fascism and Bolshevism
◦III. “Councils” and Soviets
◦IV. The Permanent Revolution
•The Party and the Working Class [Anton Pannekoek]

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ICC Vol 2 No 9-10.pdf8.09 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 11

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 11, October 1936

CONTENTS

The Civil War in Spain / [Paul Mattick]

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ICC Vol 2 No 11.pdf7.12 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 2, Number 12

International Council Correspondence, Vol. 2, no. 12, November 1936

CONTENTS

•Work Shop Committees in England (Leeds, England)
•On the Soviet Constitution (open letter to Feuchtwanger taken from the Sozialistische Warte of Aug. 15, 1936, by A. Rudolf, former Soviet official; author of Goodbye to Russia)
•What must be done? Introducing our new pamphlet What Communism Really Is (The Social Average Labor Time as the Basis of Communist Production and Distribution)
•To the Reader
•Max Nomad’s Masters of Tomorrow / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
•To All the Workers in the World, by The National Confederation of Labor, The Iberian Anarchist Federation
•The “Popular Front” and Fascism
•Democracy in Russia
•Roosevelt's Prosperity

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ICC Vol 2 No 12.pdf7.39 MB

Volume 3

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 5-6

International Council Correspondence Vol 3 #5-6

Vol 3 issues 5 & 6 of International Council Correspondence.

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icciii-5-6.pdf12.51 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 11-12

The Volume 3, Number 11-12 (December 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 11-12 (December 1937).pdf6.98 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 1

The Volume 3, Number 1 (January 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The era of good feeling: Roosevelt's second term

-State capitalism and dictatorship by Raete Korrespondenz

-The maritime strike by J.Z.

-A letter from Germany

-Notes on the question of unemployment

-To the right there is no limit

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 1 (January 1937).pdf7.07 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 2

The Volume 3, Number 2 (February 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-"Soviet" Russia today by Raetekorrespondenz

-Russia's latest executions: why?

-Fascist corporatism

-New strikes, new methods

-Two new Marxian quarterlies

-Review: Controlling depressions by Paul H. Douglas

-Review: The sociology of invention by S.C. Gilfillan

-Review: An outline history of unemployment by W.T. Colyer

-Review: Studies in the intellectual development of Karl Marx by Sidney Hook

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 2 (February 1937).pdf7.38 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 3

The Volume 3, Number 3 (March 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The end of a strike

-Supreme Court reform: new bllod in the judiciary

-War prevention schemes

-What next in Spain

-The situation in England

-On fluctuation of wages

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 3 (March 1937).pdf5.1 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 4

The Volume 3, Number 4 (April 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The brownshirts of Zionism by Abner Barnatan [=Walter Auerbach]

-Child labor: a class issue

-Wages and prices

-Shop delegates and workers' control

-Notes on productivity and profits

-Trotsky and proletarian dictatorship

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 4 (April 1937).pdf5.7 MB

The Brownshirts of Zionism - Abner Barnatan

An article by a council communist on the fascistic qualities of 1930s Zionist revisionism. Originally published in "International Council Correspondence", Chicago, USA, Vol. III, No. 4, April 1937.

Reprinted by Unpopular Books, London, March 1989.

==========


THE BROWNSHIRTS OF ZIONISM.



(by Abner Barnatan, 1937, Tel Aviv.)

A few days after the termination of the Arab strike and revolt in Palestine, two unsuspected and harmless Arabs, passing thru the Jewish town of Tel Aviv in a carriage were fired at and wounded by "unknown assailants". Unknown for the reason that they escaped. Everybody, including the police, knows that they are to be found in the ranks of the "Revisionists" or extreme Zionist nationalists who have never concealed their liking for "direct action" and terrorism Needless to say, they are very vocal, but hardly convincing, in proclaiming their innocence and talking of "Marxist calumnies". Yet the fight against the Arabs, a fight in which all means may be employed, is one of the guiding principles of Revisionism which has justly earned the name of Zionist Fascism. And it deserves to be noted that the Tel Aviv outrage was preceeded by statements from authoritative Revisionist sources which are near to advocating the employment of terrorist tactics. In a statement on the situation in Palestine, made on Sept. 9, 1936, Vladimir Jabotinsky, Duce of Jewish Fascism, said: "During the first weeks of the struggle, the exercise of restraint served a useful purpose. It showed that the Jew, when armed, is content to defend himself and does not attack and try to revenge himself. For this reason, I vetoed all thoughts of retaliation; but now I consider it my duty to proclaim that I have withdrawn my veto".

This unmistakable signal for terrorism was supplemented a few days later by a statement from the Viennese organ of the Revisionists, the "Nation", referring to the situation in Palestine: "It happens nowadays that Jewish newspapers in Palestine publish reports, hidden away in small type between unimportant news, of Arabs killed here and there in Palestine, of Arabs wounded, of Jews arrested and acused, etc. Jewish papers published outside of Palestine go even farther in hiding facts. They talk of Arabs being killed by Arabs. What is the good of all this eyewash? Is it our fault that the world forces us to go its ways? The world today understands no language but that of guns, machine guns and pistols. Now we too begin to learn this language. Let it not be forgotten that ours is a talented people. We have aready learned many lessons. The time has come to learn the language of fire and blood". The shots in Tel Aviv provide the echo to this incitement.

The Jews are no chosen people. They are, in one respect, like other nations under capitalism, so much so, that there is even a Jewish brand of Fascism. This may surprise the casual observer who is inclined to regard Fascism as a kind of Anti-semitism, or, at least, as bound up with Anti-semitism. But it must be remembered that classical Fascism, that of Mussolini, was never Anti-semitic. Fascism is an international epidemic, although in each case profoundly nationalistic. Its roots are basically the same in all countries, and is worth noting that the epidemic has not stopped at the doors of the ghetto or at the border of Palestine.

The principle germ-carriers of Jewish Fascism are everywhere the lower middle classes, although Fascist tendencies are not confined to them alone. Since the war, almost everywhere they are caught between two fires. On the one hand, they are finding it more difficult to escape pauperism; but nothing horrifies them more than the thought of becoming proletarians, This, however, is their fate. In striving to escape from it, their hatred turns against the working class. They look back upon history, to the past that never returns; and because they struggle against their inevitable submergence in the great mass of the proletariat, they are the easy prey of every demagogue who promises them the return of the Golden Age. This is the peculiar function of Fascism, itself born of the same urge, which lures them with its shrill war-cries of "national unity" and "common welfare". Instead of achieving unity with the lower classes, they permit themselves to dream of rising to upper social strata. But the paradise to which the Pied Piper of Fascism leads them inevitably turns out to be the servile state in which the middle classes are crushed and exploited as never before. The Jews have not been able to avoid this contamination...

Their abnormal situation favored the spread of the disease. To the fearful economic need to which they are subjected in all countries of eastern Europe,and in Germany, are also added national persecution, the withdrawal of political rights and even brutal physical terror. While the class-conscious workers among them take part in the social struggle of these countries with a view to solving their own national problem as a by-product of the victory of Socialism, the pressure to which they are subjected generates an inflated nationalism among the numerous petty-bourgeois elements. The fact that many countries which heretofore absorbed Jewish emigrants are now closed to them (U.S.A., Canada, South America), creates the impression that Zionism is the only solution and Palestine their "Promised Land". To them, immigration into Palestine means hopes of a better tuture. Each time Zionism shows itself to be incompatible with reality, the more the demagogues find a fertile field. To the desperate masses, all kinds of quack medicine is appealing. Take for instance the plan recently proposed by the Revisionists which provides for the settlement in Palestine "on both sides of the Jordan" of one and a half million Jews within the next ten years. Obviously this widely advertised plan, which is presented with much ballyhoo, is manifestly absurd. Yet Jabotinsky is hailed as a Messiah by many of the impoverished eastern Jews who cling to every straw.

In regard to Palestine itself, the majority of the Jews who come here are sincere in proclaiming the need of a "restrafication" [restratification?] of the Jewish people. By turning former traders, middlemen and "air"men into productive agricultural and industrial workers, the social structure of the Jewish people will be profoundly altered; the Jews are to be "Normalized", to use the current phrase. This idea, which is essential to Zionism, as to every other nationalism, is often supplemented by vague concepts of a socialist society in Palestine. But there is another group of immigrants composed of traders, middlemen and other unproductive elements unwilling to adjust their lives to the new conditions. To this latter group, Palestine is merely a haven in which to continue their parasitic role. This group within the Jewish community and the Zionist movement, struggling to preserve its identity as being distinct from the working class, is the social basis of Jewish Fascism.

Jabotinsky stands for a "revision" of official Zionism which he accuses of "national treason" and - "Marxism"! The methods are always the same... The Revisionists accuse the Zionist Executive of "being the agency of Arab and Supposed British, rather than of Jewish, interests". They are nationalist diehards, hundred percenters. To them official Zionism is "the renunciation of Zion". Their minimum program provides for the establishment of a Jewish State on both sides of the Jordan, i.e. including the mandated territory of Transjordan, and based on a Jewish majority in the country.

Firmly convinced "that there can be no spontaneous reconciliation with the Palestine Arabs, neither now nor in the future", Jabotinsky rejects the idea of a political parity between the two peoples and demands the creation of a Jewish military force as an indispensable condition for the realization of his aims. "Zionism is impossible without a Jewish Legion... The whole Jewish people must become a people in arms. " The setting up of this Legion is also declared by the Revisionists to be "a prime necessity for the security of the British Empire". At the same time, they declare themselves ready to proceed "with, without or against the British". This flexible formula hides a pro-Italian tendency which has of late become more marked. The military formations of the Revisionists (strangely enough their shirts are brown) are regarded as the nucleus of the Legion whose purpose it is to break by force the opposition of the Arabs to Zionist penetration and to establish a "fait accompli" and possibly more than one.

It has often been remarked that there exists a close resemblance between the phraseology of Zionist Revisionism and that of German National Socialism. But the resemblance is not only one in words. The Revisionists fight "the increasing preponderance of the workers' organizations". They protest against the subsidies given by the official Zionist movement to settlements maintained by the Jewish workers. They insist that private initiative is more important than public funds. The Zionist labor movement is accused of "intransigence and lust of power", "unnecessary insistence on social conflicts", "dogmatic application of the class struggle theory which derives from Europe". All this is the more absurd since every objective observer is forced to admit that extreme nationalism is the beginning and the end of the policy pursued by the Jewish Labour Federation in Palestine. This policy is made completely subservient, in theory as well as in practice, to Zionist nationalism and renounces everything remotely connected with independent class politics. In spite of these well-known and unassailable facts, the ultra-moderate trade unions which make up the bulk of the Zionist Labor Party, are accused by the Revisionists of'Marxist and Bolshevist tendencies as well as of "sacrificing ideals to the golden calf." Compulsory labor arbitration is demanded in order to ensure the "subordination of all particular interests to the prime necessities of national unity." Is it not obvious that, if anything, this program "derives from Europe"?

The Revisionist organization was founded in April 1925 , by Vladimir Jabotinsky, a Russian Zionist journalist, who had organized a corps of Jewish volunteers in Alexandria during the world-war to serve on the Gallipoli front. Even at that early date he stood for power politics, first against Turkey, for some time against England, always against the Arabs and the workers. In 1920, Jabotinsky, then lieutenant, was expelled from Palestine by the British for organizing illegal formations. In 1923 he made a pact, behind the back of the official Zionist Organization, with the representative of the Ukrainian "White" General and ferocious Jew baiter Petlyura, for the creation of a Jewish corps within the frame-work of an anti-bolshevist White Guard in the Ukraine. When the intrigue leaked out, violent protests were made by the Jewish labor organizations compelling Jabotinsky to resign from the Executive of the Zionist Organization. This gave the 'enfant terrible' his chance to play his messianic role with a vengeance. He became a "leader" and, copying the Hitler movement, built up a strictly authoritarian and militarist organization based on centralized direction, the "Leader principle", and an incredible cult of the personality of the "Leader".

The adherents of the movement in Palestine, supplemented by recruits from the backward Oriental Jews, carry on a campaign against the Socialist workers which far outstrips even their terroristic offensive against the Arabs. In Palestine, too, the "extermination of Marxism" is on the agenda. Here too the workers' organizations are to be "smashed". The Revisionists organized strike breakers, their activities resulting in pressing on the wage standard. Parading their Brown-shirts thru the streets, they did everything to provoke the workers. They attacked meetings (a meeting in honor of Brailsford, the English Socialist, was bombarded with stones by their hooligans) and organized gangs to beat up political opponents. Some years ago terrorist groups belonging to their party were discovered in Jerusalem and in Tel Aviv. In 1933 the Revisionist speakers and newspapers conducted an incredible campaign of slander, on the lines of the recent Salengro campaign in France, against Dr. Arlosoroff, then leader of the Labor Party and prominent member of the Zionist Executive. On June 15, the Revisionist Organ culminated its "mud-slinging' campaign by depicting him as a"traitor to the Jewish People, its honor and security". Thirty hours later he (Dr. Arlosoroff) was dead - assassinated in Tel Aviv, the 100% Jewish town.
Similar tactics are employed outside of Palestine. The spread of anti-semitism is welcomed by the Revisionists. They do not fight it. Rather they utilize it to further their own ends. While a wave of persecution and torture swept Germany after the Hitler coup, Jabotinsky made a speech in public in Berlin which was nothing less than a wholesale indictment of the Socialists within the Zionist movement. The aforementioned Hebrew Organ of the Revisionists, the "Hasit Ha'am", 1933, glorified Hitler and presented his movement as a shining example to Zionism. They admire Mussolini and Franco.

In Germany the Revisionists carried out raids on labor clubs. In other countries they perform attacks on Socialists. In other words, the peculiar "spirit" and methods of the Brownshirts are shown to be quite compatible with Judaism. Revisionism proper might be described, to use a mathematical formula, as "Zionism plus Hitlerism", or as "Hitlerism minus Anti-semitism".

In 1925 Jabotinsky was able to muster four followers at the Zionist Congress. In 1933 his followers captured twenty per cent of the total poll and sent forty-five delagates to the Congress. Two years later, they left the Zionist Organization and held a separate convention at which, according to their own reports, delegates representing 700,000 members of the "New Zionist Organization" participated.

The Arab revolt of 1936 was a godsend to these Fascists leading as it did to a wave of chauvinism among the Jews. The Revisionists are doing everything to make capital out of this fact. They are playing a dangerous game, since to them "a world war would be the best chance of realizing the Zionist maximum". Their aim is to become universally recognized as the standard bearers of Zionist intransigence and maximalism. Their slogan continues to be:"Judea must be reborn with fire and blood."

ABNER BARNATAN -
(Tel Aviv)

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 7-8

The Volume 3, Number 7-8 (August 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENST

-Much ado about nothing: the future of the CIO

-Control of markets and world capitalism

-"The barricades must be torn down": Moscow fascism in Spain

-Racketering: a phase of class conflict

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 7-8 (August 1937).pdf7.98 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 9-10

The Volume 3, Number 9-10 (October 1937) issue of International Council Correspondence.

CONTENTS

-The war in the Far East

-One year "People's Front" in France

-The old Hegelian dialectic and the new materialistic science

-The non-intervention comedy comes to an end in Spain

-Hitler's National "Socialism"

-Review: After the Revolution: economic reconstruction in Spain today by D.A. Santillan

-Review: The crisis and decline of capitalism by International Council Correspondence

-Review: Economic welfare by Oscar Newfang

-Review: An outline of finance by Arthur Woodburn

-Review: Social security by Abraham Epstein

-Review: Industrial unionism in the American labor movement by Theresa Wolfson and Abraham Weiss

-Review: The labor spy by Gordon Hopkins

-Review: John L. Lewis exposed by Eric Hass

-Review: The Soviets by Albert Rhys Williams

-Review: The letters of Lenin

-Review: The web of thought and action by H. Levy-Watts & Co.

-Review: Review: Earl Browder: Communist or tool of Wall Street by George Marlon

-Review: From Lenin to Stalin by Victor Serge

-Review: The Stalin school of falsification by Leon Trotsky

-Review: World revolution 1917-1936: the rise and fall of the Communist International by C.L.R. James

-Review: The national debt and government credit

-News notes on the CIO

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International Council Correspondence Volume 3, Number 9-10 (October 1937).pdf7.85 MB

Volume 4

International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 1

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 1, February 1938

CONTENTS

•Against the Stream
◦The Future of Unemployment. Unemployment and the Labor Market
◦Unemployment and Accumulation
◦Unemployment and the Unemployed
•Literature on Unemployment
•Planning New Depression (from the book “Karl Marx” by Karl Korsch)
•The Right to Work
•Marxism and Psychology / [Anton Pannekoek]
•Book Reviews
◦Reuben Osborn, Freud and Marx
◦Upton Sinclair, The Flivver King
◦Bruce Minton and John Stuart, Men Who Led Labor

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ICC Vol 4 No 1.pdf7.25 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 2

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 2, March 1938

CONTENTS

•Welcome the Depression
•A Bird in the Hand. Thurman W. Arnolds The Folklore of Capitalism
•The Marxist Ideology in Russia / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
•The Simple and the Complex / H.
•What can the Unemployed do? (to be continued)
◦Unemployment and the Labor Movement in American History
◦Welfare and the Unemployed
◦“Self-Help” – The American Way
•Book Reviews
Spy Overhead, the Story of Industrial Espionage, by Clinch Calkins. The Labor Spy Racker, by Leo Huberman
Japan and Asia, by W.H. Chamberlin
Forty Years of American-Japanese Relations, by Foster Rhea Dulles
The Origin of American Intervention in North Russia (1918), by Leonid J. Strakhovsky
A Real New Deal, by Charles E. Carpenter
Science in the Light of Marxism (Die Wissenschaft im Lichte des Marxismus), by H. Wallon, M. Prenant, H. Mineur, J. Baby and others

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ICC Vol 4 No 2.pdf6.04 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 3

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 3, May 1938

CONTENTS

•German Fascism on the Offensive/ S.P.
•The Lorelei
•Economics and Politics in Revolutionary Spain / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
•The Dominican Republic Solves its Unemployment Problem/ Fritz Hennsler
•What can the Unemployed Do? (to be continued)
◦Bootlegging of Coal in Pennsylvania
◦Beyond the Confines of Private Property
◦The Struggle against Bootlegging
◦The meaning of it all
◦What Bootlegging means for the Workers
◦Nationalization of Coal
•Book Reviews
America’s Stake in International Investments, The Brooking Institution
Caste and Class in a Southern Town, by John Dollard
America on Relief, by Marie Dresden Lane and Francis Steegmuller. Trends in Relief Expenditures, Works Progress Administration
This Question of Relief, Public Affairs Pamphlets

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ICC Vol 4 No 3.pdf6.16 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 4

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 4, August 1938

CONTENTS

•Organizations of the Unemployed (to be continued)
•The Masses and the Vanguard
•Communist Production and Distribution
•Marxism and the Present Task of the Proletarian Class Struggle / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
•Southern Negroes
•Book Reviews
Eagle Forgotten. The Life of John Peter Altgeld, by Harry Barnard

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International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 5

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 5, November 1938

CONTENTS

•The World War in the Making
◦Czechoslovakia – the Stepping Stone
◦The Future of the Danube
◦“They Dress Like Mourners, Yet Rejoice”
◦American “Isolation”
◦We Are All Marxists Now
•Lenin’s Philosophy (Some additional remarks to J. Harper’s recent criticism of Lenin’s book Materialism and Empirio-Ctiticism) / l.h. [=Karl Korsch
◦Leninism Goes West
◦Leninism versus Machism
◦The Present Impact of Lenin’s Materialistic Philosophy
•General Remarks on the Question of Organization / J. Harper [=Anton Pannekoek]
•A “Marxian” Approach to the Jewish Question
•The Workers' Alliance

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International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 6

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 6, April 1939

CONTENTS

•The Jitterbugs (“Their Ecstacy is without content”, T.W. Adorno)
◦Hitler Lied!
◦Stalin and Hitler
◦The Peoples’ Front
◦Officials make Escape
•Union Unity?
•The Concentration Camp Grows
•Collectivization in Spain / Karl Korsch
•Marxism and Marginal Utility Economics
•Book Reviews
Karl Marx, by Karl Korsch
The School for Dictators, by Ignazio Silone / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
The Story of the C.I.O., by Benjamin Stolberg. Labor’s New Millions, by Mary Heaton Vorse
Life of a rebel, by Angelica Balabanoff

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International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 7

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 7, June 1939

CONTENTS

•Karl Kautsky, From Marx to Hitler
•The Struggle for Democracy
•Curbing Big Business? / P.W.
•Discussion. On the Impotence of Revolutionary Groups / Sam Moss
•Book Reviews
The State and the Socialist Revolution, by Martov
Mussolini’s Roman Empire, by Geoffroy T. Garrat
Apostles of Revolution, by Max Nomad
The Origin of the Inequality of the Social Classes, by Gunnar Landtman
American Labor, by Herbert Harris. Union of Their Own Choosing, by Robert R.R. Brooks
The New Deal in Action, by A.M. Schlesinger

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ICC Vol 4 No 7.pdf6.03 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 4, Number 8

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 4, no. 8, September 1939

CONTENTS

•Security With 403’s/ Paul Mattick and Walter Auerbach
◦What you ought to know about relief and WPA
◦The dream was short
◦The wonders of WPA
◦Why do these things happen?
◦Divide and rule
◦And your organizations?
◦What is to be done?
•On the Economic Theory of Socialism
•The Struggle against Fascism begins with the Struggle against Bolshevism/ Otto Ruehle
•Book Reviews
World Communism, a History of the Communist International, by F. Borkenau

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Volume 5

International Council Correspondence Volume 5, Number 1

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International Council Correspondence Volume 5, Number 2

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International Council Correspondence Volume 5, Number 3

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International Council Correspondence Volume 5, Number 4

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Volume 6

International Council Correspondence Volume 6, Number 1

Living Marxism/International Council Correspondence, Vol. 6, no. 1, Fall 1941

CONTENTS

•War and Revolution / Karl Korsch
•Stages of Totalitarian Economy / H. Bruggers
•Two Men in a Boat – Not to Speak of the Eight Points / Paul Mattick
◦After the Debacle
◦Hitler as Peace Angel
◦You cannot Trust Hitler
◦British Imperialism: Old and New
◦The End of Appeasement
◦The Struggle for England
◦The German-Russian War
◦America-Germany-Japan
◦German Europe
◦Hitler’s “Secret” Weapon
◦The Atlantic Brenner
•Book Reviews
Workers Before and After Lenin. Fifty Years of Russian Labor, by Manya Gordon

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ICC Vol 6 No 1.pdf13.36 MB

International Council Correspondence Volume 6, Number 2

New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society (International Council Correspondence), Vol. 6, no. 2, Fall 1942

CONTENTS

•Notes on History / Karl Korsch
◦The Ambiguities of Totalitarian Ideologies
◦The Old and the New Imperialism
◦Revolutionary and Counter/Revolutionary Aspects of Totalitarianism
◦The Historical Philosophy of Nazism
◦The age of Pan/Historism
◦Towards a New Function of Historical Knowledge
•Materialism and Historical Materialism / J. Harper [=Anton Pannekoek]
•Marxism and Empiricism. Preliminary Remarks / Fred
•The Heydrich Pattern / Alpha
•What Destroyed Democracy? An Analysis of Capitalist Technology / Julien Coffinet
•The Structure and Practice of Totalitarianism / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
◦Why Behemoth?
◦The Legal Mind
◦Ideology versus History
◦The Native Returns
•The Marxian Dialectic and its Recent Critics (to be continued)
◦Introduction
◦I. Development of Bourgeois Science and Philosophy
◦[II.] Metaphysics and Empiricism
•Book Reviews
The Structure of the Nazi Economy, by Maxime Y. Sweezy. The Social Policy of Nazi Germany, by C.W. Gauillebaud / P.M. [=Paul Mattick]
Foundations of Modern World Society, by Linden A. Mauder / M.
The Nature of Modern Warfare, by Cyrill Falls / l.h. [=Karl Korsch]
Challenge to Karl Marx, by John Kenneth Turner/ Luenika [=Paul Mattick]

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International Council Correspondence Volume 6, Number 3

New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society (International Council Correspondence), Vol. 6, 1943, no 3, Spring

CONTENTS

•Wilson vs. Roosevelt: Reflection on a Charter / Dwight MacDonald
•A Historical View of Geopolitics / Karl Korsch
◦The Status of Geopolitik in the U.S.
◦The Historical Approach
◦From MacKinder to Haushofer
•The Bureaucratic Spirit / Sebastian Frank
•Marxism and Pragmatism / C.P. West
•Competition and Monopoly / Paul Mattick
•Philosophy and the State (continuation of The Marxian Dialectic and its Recent Critics, to be continued)
•Book Reviews
And Keep Your Powder Dry! An Anthropologist, by Margaret Mead / K.K. [=Karl Korsch]
Escape from Freedom, by Erich Fromm / Victor Serge
Make This the Last War, by Michael Straight / W.B.
The Silent War. The Underground Movement in Germany, by J.B. Jansen end Stefan Weyl / M.
The Principle of Power. The Great Crisis of History, by Guglielmo Ferrero / M.
Conditions of Peace, by Edward Hallet Carr / M.

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International Council Correspondence Volume 6, Number 4

New Essays. A Quarterly Devoted to the Study of Modern Society (International Council Correspondence), Vol. 6, no. 4, Winter 1943

CONTENTS

•Vladimir Korolenko / Rosa Luxemburg (July 1918), translated by Frieda Mattick
•The Modern Machiavellians / Paul Mattick
•Societal Implications of Russian Resistance / George Kimmelman
•Pragmatism: the Logic of Capitalism / C.P. West
•Book Reviews
Germany’s Master Plan. The Story of Industrial Offensive, by Joseph Borkin and Charles A. Welsh
In Defense of Marxism. Against the Petty-Bourgeois Opposition, by Leon Trotsky

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