Germany

Destruction as a means of struggle - Anton Pannekoek

Prompted by the burning of the Reichstag in 1933 - by Marinus van der Lubbe, a council communist bricklayer and other possible accomplices - Pannekoek debates the value of destroying the products of bourgeois culture.

Otto Ruhle and the German Labour Movement - by Paul Mattick

Paul Mattick critically analyses Otto Rühle's role in the German Revolution.

Class struggle in a German town - Wildcat

Philippsburg nuclear-power plant

Great text from 1986 looking at the class struggle in Philippsburg, Germany, from a group of temp workers who worked on the construction of the Philippsburg nuclear-power plant, amidst the antinuclear power movement.

Nazism and the working class - Sergio Bologna

Italian autonomist Sergio Bologna discusses the rise of Nazism and its relationship to the German working class.

The German crisis - Mikhail Bakunin

1870 text by Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin on the crisis in Germany.

Kirschey, Helmut, 1913-2003

Helmut Kirschey.

A short biography of Helmut Kirschey, who was probably the last surviving German anarchist to have fought with the Durruti Column in the Spanish Civil War.

Landauer, Gustav, 1870-1919

Gustav Landauer

A short biography of German revolutionary Gustav Landauer, who was killed in the crushing of the German Revolution.

Lehning, Arthur, 1899- 2000

Arthur Lehning

A century of anarchism - biography of Dutch anarchist and anti-militarist Arthur Lehning.

Einstein, Carl, 1885-1940

Carl Einstein.

A short biography of German poet, writer, art historian and anarchist combatant in the Spanish Revolution, Carl Einstein. He commited suicide in 1940 to avoid Nazi persecution.

Hoy, Senna, 1882-1914

Senna Hoy

A short biography of German Jewish anarchist and gay liberationist Senna Hoy.