It is now fifty years since Noam Chomsky published his celebrated article, 'The Responsibility of Intellectuals'.* Few other writings had a greater impact on the turbulent political atmosphere on US campuses in the 1960s. The essay launched Chomsky's political career as the world's most intransigent and cogent critic of US foreign policy - a position he has held to this day.
In 1985 workers and students protested and struck against worsening living conditions and greater repression, in particular the imposition of Sharia and conflict in the south.
In 1974 the regime of Emperor Selassie was badly shaken, the student protests shut down the education system and there were mutinies in the army. In addition the Main Trade Union Confederation kicked off a general strike. Most of the protests where about wages and benefits, which were largely won, but the events would also mark the beginning of the Emperor's downfall.
The absolute regime of Emperor Haile Selassie was first challenged by university students.
After the defeat of the Dictator Gerardo Machado Cuba was governed by a Junta headed by Batista and Mendieta. In 1935 another General Strike sort to forced the Junta to restore civilian rule. In response Batista unleashed a wave of state terror.